Public Relations Expanded: Eight Social Roles Assigned
Here’s the good news…if your organization is participating in social media, then the public relations function has expanded. The responsibilities of the PR professional continue to increase, with new roles assigned. As you take on these new challenges, you’re seen as an even more valuable asset to your company.
In my book, “Putting the Public Back in Public Relations,” we discussed a few of the new PR roles including the following:
– Listening/ Conversationalist
– Market Analyst
– Web Marketer
– Viral Marketer
– Social Media Professional
– Customer Service Representative
– Research Librarian
Although, you’ve embraced many of the roles above, now it’s time to add several more responsibilities to this list, as a result of social media and 24/7 communications. The Eight Roles Assigned are meant to open up your frame of reference about other functions that should be on your PR radar and quite possibly fall within your domain of responsibility. For those of you who are already participating in one or more of the roles mentioned below, kudos to you!
Here’s the list of the Eight Roles Assigned to the PR professional. Are you ready to take on these opportunities?
- The Policymaker: eMarketer published a chart in May of 2010, surveying U.S. companies about the responsibility of Social Media Plans. The chart revealed that the two departments most likely responsible for the planning process were marketing and corporate communications. PR professionals are quickly learning that a critical part of the communications planning process is the development of the social media policy or policies. Some policies are internal for employees and others are external facing for the public, and tailored specifically for a particular social channel. Being a policymaker can range from spearheading the policy process to helping assemble the policy team. However, your role may also include diving in to write the policies and communicating social media policies internally for maximum employee participation and impact in the organization.
- Internal Collaboration Generator: Communications professionals are realizing that social media collaboration starts on the inside of the organization. Because social media moves across the organization, it’s imperative that specific departments (PR, Advertising, Marketing, HR, IT, Legal, Sales, etc.) work together and the silos are broken down for sharing, innovation and collaboration. PR professionals are often the champions who work with their marketing peers, the company executives and the web team to research, help select the platform for communication (i.e., SharePoint, SocialText, and BaseCamp, to name a few.) and to create a program that educates employees on the value of social collaboration and use of an internal portal for sharing.
- Crisis Prevention Doctor: Because every company can face a crisis today, PR professionals are proactively building their crisis plans (integrating social crisis), with comment response charts and helpful tools to illustrate levels of comment/crisis escalation. It’s extremely important that anyone involved in social media for the organization (from PR and marketing to customer service) be trained and prepared for today’s viral social crisis that has the ability to capture both social media and traditional media attention. PR professionals are focusing on training their teams in crisis prevention, setting up the best platforms for pre-listening and post crisis sentiment monitoring and understanding the differences between crisis and the news cycles of the past vs. the fast paced 24/7 crisis of today.
- Communications Technology Tester: If you’re in PR, you must become a communications technology tester for your company. For example, it was great to see so many of my PR peers in Google+. This is a big step and almost a turnaround from the past. At the start of social media, PR was criticized for not being up to speed on the knowledge and use of social media channels. As a PR pro, you should constantly be updating your knowledge of social media; rolling up your sleeves to experiment with the different tools, applications and social platforms. If your job is communication and relationship building, then you need to know and understand where consumers are congregating, how they behave in social communities and the best ways to reach them through new channels. Being a communications technology tester helps you to educate others in your organization.
- Reputation Task Force Member: Being a member of the Reputation Task Force is the equivalent of practicing reputation management on steroids. Because social media can change a company’s reputation drastically, in a short amount of time, we have to be tracking and responding with speed and accuracy. It’s our job to review the conversations, evaluate the brand sentiment and head off any reputation issues before they get out of hand. We have always been known as the “brand police” called in when crisis occurs. However, our role has expanded to a special task force, now pre- crisis, which gathers information and analyzes how attitudes leads to consumer advocacy and loyalty, or to less then favorable reviews and situations that lower company ratings.
- Organizer of the Communications Process: PR professionals have to educate and redirect their organization to implement a new communications process. No longer can companies rely on the push method for their messages. Now it’s your job to make sure that the company constituents are pulling from your organization to meet their needs. The process begins with listening to the conversations but also requires organizing, curating, and developing new content. With a new process in place, companies offering meaningful information to stakeholders are positioned as valuable resources that answer questions, help people make decisions, create loyalty and build stronger relationships with customers.
- Relationship Analyzer: Here’s where your role turns into the communications sociologist. It’s so important to observe and analyze how your audience connects, not only with you, but also with each other in a specific community. As a relationship analyzer you are looking at how people start, build and grow their relations and how social graphs reach across networks. The relationship analyzer also sees the deep connections between the brand and its influencers; those brand champions who support and speak positively on the brand’s behalf.
- Master of the Metrics: PR professionals have to move from accepting metrics (no more AVEs or Average Value Equivalents) to forging ahead with measurable objectives and metrics that reveal positive outcomes for the organization vs. the outtakes and outputs. Your programs will require different Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), but it’s critical to investigate and differentiate between the metrics that are based on conversations, authority, sharing behaviors and education/learning vs. the metrics that show lead generation, sales, customer satisfaction, and finding cost savings as a result of social media. By taking a closer, more intimate look at learning how to monitor and measure through different platforms (i.e., BurrellesLuce Engage121, Vocus Social Media Monitoring, Sysomos, Radian6, etc.) it will help you to tailor your measurement program. In social media, you need to show Return on Investment (ROI) for the executives vs. the Return on Engagement (ROE), Return on Participation (ROP) and the Return on Awareness (ROE) related to specific company programs for various departments.
What new PR roles have been assigned to you? The roles mentioned in this post are only just the beginning. Of course, our roles will continue to expand. Please share some of the new priorities and responsibilities you’re tackling as a result of social media.
July 25, 2011 @ 1:40 pm
This is a great list of many of the roles PR can play in the new world of social media. As a person with traditional PR training and who is now applying that to the world of social media I would say that i touch on a lot of the roles above myself. I also see a lot of other PR practitioners doing the exact same. I always picture PR as the ones who should be leading the social media charge as social media is just another form of communicating with external stakeholders, but that could just be my bias as a PR person.
Also, thanks so much for giving Sysomos a shout-out in here!
Sheldon, community manager for Sysomos
Amanda, Community Manager at Radian6
July 25, 2011 @ 1:50 pm
Thanks for including Radian6 in your post!
July 26, 2011 @ 11:22 am
Excellent list and I value the collaboration generator and relationship analyzer. Just talked with client this am about understanding the influencers as much as the end users in all communications efforts.
July 26, 2011 @ 11:27 am
Hi Kevin! Thanks for the great feedback on my post and for sharing the roles you value the most!
July 26, 2011 @ 11:27 am
Thanks Amanda! My pleasure and keep up the great work 🙂
July 28, 2011 @ 1:05 pm
Thankyou so much for writing this post! The list is very thorough and I agree that these are now roles that PR people need to begin to step into and get some practice with (if they haven’t already.) I particularly like No.8 Master of metrics. It is so important because often times directors/CEOS/bosses want to see the progress and how everything is translating.
July 28, 2011 @ 2:10 pm
Hi Meredith! Thank you and I’m happy you liked the post. I appreciate the feedback. Role #8 is definitely one of the most important and among the toughest roles at the same time. We are definitely trying to wrap our arms around metrics to show value, so that a CEO and senior level execs see how social media leads to positive outcomes for the business. It’s great that you’re focusing on becoming a Master of the Metrics!
September 10, 2011 @ 4:34 pm
Great post! I appreciate all the feedback of different roles that are being added to PR. I am a public relations student, so this is great so I can get an idea of what I need to learn more about prior to fully entering the world of PR. I am minoring in Psychology, which I feel may be quite beneficial with the relationship analyzer role. However, knowing that “master of metrics” is also a new role, is good to know so that I can maybe add some business classes 🙂 Thanks for the help!
September 10, 2011 @ 7:43 pm
Hi Rachel 🙂 Thanks so much for your feedback on the post. I think psychology and sociology are so important today for the role of Relationship Analyzer. With respect to the metrics, I received my MBA several years ago and since then I feel I’m much more focused on business and ROI. Being a Master of the Metrics will keep PR pros at the strategy table.
June 10, 2012 @ 8:50 pm
Hi Deirdre! I’m the Argentinian PR student who met you at PRSA National Conference. I would like to translate this text to include it in my new blog (really new; it’d be the first entry). Even though I will give you all the credits and I’ll insert a link to this post, I would like to have your permission. 🙂
June 11, 2012 @ 8:10 am
Hello Naibi … thank you for reaching out to me and yes, you have my permission to use this post translated on your blog. I appreciate you reaching out and also mentioning that you will give credit and link back to my site. Have a wonderful summer!
June 11, 2012 @ 9:16 am
Thank you Deirdre!! I’ll let you know when it’s ready. Hope you have a great summer, but I must tell you that in my country it is a very cold fall. Haha! 🙂
June 11, 2012 @ 9:58 am
Hi Naibi … LOL! Then a happy but cold fall to you 🙂 Enjoy and keep me updated on the blog post. Thanks!